Retinoblastoma causing leukocoria
Contributor: Jesse Vislisel, MD
Leukocoria is the most common sign associated with retinoblastoma. Leukocoria is present in over half of all infants presenting with retinoblastoma. Other conditions may also be associated with leukocoria as a presenting symptom, including: congenital malformations (e.g. persistent hyperplastic fetal vasculature); tumors (e.g. medulloepithelioma); vascular diseases (e.g. retinopathy of prematurity); inflammatory diseases (e.g. ocular toxocariasis); trauma (e.g. vitreous hemorrhage).
- Balmer A, Munier F. 2007. Differential diagnosis of leukocoria and strabismus, first presenting signs of retinoblastoma. Clinical Ophthalmology. 1(4):431-439.
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